Waddell told me the name was derived from Rigg, British Gothick name for Reg, king. He came himself to me, to take fifty harpoons out of his back. Unless he knows something of that which you seek, I know nobody who can know of it. The bridge that in was called Pons Periculosus is still known as Pomparles, though its fishy character has been forgotten. It is from this Pomparles that the sun god King Arthur is said to have cast away his sword, when Christianity took the place of sun worship, which then vanished in this Vale of Avalon.
The Hung Society by J. Ward, Vol. The Whale in Somerset, instead of lying outside the circle of the zodiac, as on modern star charts, stretches from the Fishes towards the pole of the ecliptic, in order, as the legend goes, to- swallow the sun god; the Poets mention a tradition that Hercules was preserved in the body of a Cetus. Lycophron V, 33, and Scholia. The stars of Cephus fall in the head of the Somerset Cetus. The Somerset Fishes, when transferred to a stellar globe are found to lie along the two ribbons of stars that bind them together and to the Whale; so here we have the explanation of that seemingly ridiculous custom of binding these three creatures together in the sky with a cord, but which apparently had its origin years ago.
Nine sacred hazel trees grew beside a sacred pool and the salmon swallowed the red nuts and thus got their red spots. That being so, the above agrees with what we find at Glastonbury, for the Tor and lower slopes, form the Eagle effigy.
The Eagle or Phoenix is one of the symbols that indicate sun worship and it is here represented drinking from the Blood well, at the foot of the pilgrim way up Glaston Tor, the Druid Well being the Urn of the Water Carrier. The early astronomers could not have chosen a more fitting cluster of stars than that which was made to enclose the head of this effigy. These were no doubt the stars the Eagle pecked.
The simplest way to locate them is to find the place where the ecliptic circle now crosses that of the equator at the Vernal equinox, which is shown on every planisphere. Owing to the precession of the equinoxes, this Watercarrier Aquarius instead of marking the winter solstice as once it did, is beginning to mark the spring equinox of the present day, and the point falls near the Western Fish. One wing of the effigy Eagle holds Scat and other Urn stars, at the same time pointing to the Royal Star Formalhaut, which is reddish in colour.
Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. The women on the land are the Arthurian women of power. I rather think that this Virgo was more Nature goddess than celestial; her feet stand on Wheat Hill and all her broad acres are well watered, she certainly represented fertility like all river deities but I doubt if there was much of an enigmatic sphinx about her. The Whale in Somerset, instead of lying outside the circle of the zodiac, as on modern star charts, stretches from the Fishes towards the pole of the ecliptic, in order, as the legend goes, to- swallow the sun god; the Poets mention a tradition that Hercules was preserved in the body of a Cetus. This symbolises the banishing of the gods of the mist and practitioners of weather magic from Britain. Learn about new offers and get more deals by joining our newsletter.
It marked the winter solstice years ago when the zodiac was probably about to be laid out amongst the little hills of Somerset. The other wing points to Deneb Katos which falls on its tip. The effigy Phoenix has been true to symbology, for again and again in its long history, the Isle of Avalon has been immolated on the sacrificial pyre, only to rise again in spirit from the ashes.
Possibly there is some human mystery or tragic history behind the original choice of this Sign. Legends of fauns, satyrs and the great god Pan may have sprung originally from the same source. But looking to the stars for an interpretation of these ancient stories, they may imply that when Gilgamesh the Archer and Enkidu the Goat killed the bull Taurus , which in consequence set below the horizon, their own stars were in the ascendant; and the winning back of Olwen from the wild beasts by the maiden, as in the Babylonian epic, might mean the return of the constellation of Capricornus after its wandering below the horizon.
Whatever trouble his goaty legs may have given on earth, in heaven the Sign of Capricornus has been endowed with a fish tail, as on modern pictures of the stars, but not so in Somerset.
There, although immersed in the mud of Red and Whitelake rivers and Two Lake Meeting, and thus difficult to trace, the flexed hind leg and characteristic hoof are still well drawn by the outline of the rivers, thus proving its resemblance to a real goat and not a goat fish. It is an interesting point to be remembered, that all the effigies on this Round Table are realistic creatures, none are hybrids. For instance, the Archer is not a centaur, he is a man with legs and his horse has a head, sure proof that this is no stylized counterfeit, but the genuine design for the zodiac.
Here the place name Ponter surely stands for pointer. Hercules, parallel to the Northern Cross, is portrayed in the form of a cross, his outstretched arms lie on a line with the equinoxes of B. Thus, in every Sign we see some purposeful meaning in the pose of each effigy, whereas on modern maps of the stars, the figures attitudinize with no cohesion, rhythm or reason, as in the case of Hercules sitting upside down in the sky.
This Archer, according to Mythology, was Chiron, whom Hercules killed; which suggests the reason why Hercules is riding the Sagittarius horse on the Somerset Path of the Sun; for practically all the stars of Hercules fall on him, and the stars of Sagittarius fall on the body of the horse. To trace this superb composition in the night sky is the only way to realize that the astronomers, artists and geometricians who designed the zodiac, were supermen.
Aquilla outlines its shoulder, with Altair as the golden chest ornament. Sagitta fits the thigh and Delphinus the knee of the Giant rider of the horse. It is generally admitted that, according to W. It is one of the most ancient of the star groups and was worshipped by the early Phoenicians as representing their god Melcarth. The same star became rapidly brighter before in making it one of the rare class known as recurrent novae.
There are only three or four recurrent novae known. And I go to meet the knights and dames that come to the castle for this day is the day ordained for the adoration of the Golden Circlet. It must be remembered that the High History is a Christian rendering of the pagan myths of the zodiac. A Scorpion is surely the last thing a native of the British Isles would have chosen to lay out in Somerset, and the presence of such an effigy strongly indicates Babylonian influence, for the scorpion is to be seen with other zodiacal figures, on the remarkably fine stele of Nebuchadnezzar I, king of Babylon, B.
The constellation figures were known in the Euphrates Valley at a very remote period, as Robert Brown, ]un. The other streams utilized in the tail are controlled by several weirs and dams. Probably here stood the foundation Stone of the whole layout of this Path of the Sun, slightly north of east, for Antares, which is red in colour, is a super star, a giant amongst giants, well known to the early astronomers. Stone is in White Stone Hundred.
The left effigy claw lies alongside the body of the Scorpion, thus fitting into the circular design of the zodiac on the ground. David, that this symbolic bird may well represent the assumption into heaven of the spirit of the sun god, the apotheosis of Hercules here the Archer after he and his horse had been stung to death by the scorpion.
Considering the immense size, 30 miles in circumference, of this Somerset zodiac, and the mighty earthwork modelling of most of the effigy monsters, it is hardly surprising that Virgo may have been overlooked and merely sketched. With the exception of her breast, she is only drawn in outline by the Cary river, and stands alone and apart from the other creatures.
Is it likely that this was the reason why women used to be excluded from becoming Freemasons; for that very ancient secret society undoubtedly has its roots deep down in the solar cult. It can be found not far from the Cary river bank near Stert, should any one be anxious to consult the soothsayer. It was between Regulus and Denebola that the Summer solstice fell when this Path of the Sun was laid out, hence no doubt the origin of the Sphinx symbol. Some may be wondering if England could have had contact with either Egypt or Sumeria 1 at so early a date, so let me quote from H.
Balch, F. Here, too, long after the Cavemen disappeared, a far more enlightened race found shelter and a home in the natural stronghold of Wookey Hole, while his contemporaries built their floating Lake-Villages on Sedgemoor, not far away. The principal deity of Crete was a Nature goddess, generally represented as adorned with snakes.
I rather think that this Virgo was more Nature goddess than celestial; her feet stand on Wheat Hill and all her broad acres are well watered, she certainly represented fertility like all river deities but I doubt if there was much of an enigmatic sphinx about her. Prophetess probably, by divine right of her Queen of Heaven stars, but always from first to last the Great Mother. Quite naturally the reapers were fearful of cutting this last sheaf and in Wales stood in a ring round it to cast their sickles at it so that no one in particular should have the onus of hurting her.
That is in the Ram effigy five miles from the Wheatsheaf effigy.
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In regard to the locality of this Path of the Sun in England, it is situated near the mouth of the rivern Severn and was at one time Welsh, Wales lying on the opposite bank. The only portion of the county that concerns us in this study of the zodiacal effigies, is the small district through which the rivers Red-and-White-Lake, Brue, and Cary flow; and outside the circle, the Parrett Parutti , for the Great Dog that guards it lies on that river of Sumerian name. Its little hills skirt low lying Sedgemoor. This country around Glastonbury is famous for its Lake Villages, which were built on piles where the alder and willow grew, the trees felled and used to construct the foundations, etc.
Though the villages in the British Isles that have been discovered not considered older than the prehistoric iron age, similar Swiss settlements belong to the stone and bronze ages, so possibly earlier may yet be found in this neighborhood of King Sedgemoor.
The Sumers of the Euphrates Puru-su being river valley folk, made mud bricks to build with, it is only natural that their dwellings in Somerset should have been submerged long since by the floods of Sedgemoor, but Mr. Dewar found that both north and south of the Polden Hills there existed, in the Mesolithic period, flint implement industries, one at Greylake, below the Giant Orion, and one at Shapwick, below the Ram effigy. Those Lake Villages of the later iron age near Glastonbury that Mr. Bulleid excavated, had been pillaged and burnt before the Romans came.
Speaking of the Romans, they have left several fine tessellated pavements in the vicinity of Somerton, the subjects of which tesserae suggest Milthraic influence; their creators, not yet Christianized, would in that case owe allegiance to the Lion, and other zodiacal constellations such as the Bull and Scorpion. So let us try to find out more about this woodland monster Leo whose chest and hind quarters are clearly outlined by the Cary river for every one to see.
Here is another sign that the natives of this district, up to fairly recent years, knew of his presence amongst them. Four thousand years ago the longitude of this star was measured in Babylon, and two thousand years later it was measured by Hipparchus, who found from his observations of Regulus and Spica a discrepancy in their position from the former measurement, which led to his famous discovery of the Precession of the Equinoxes.
Take the story of Thor in the Land of the Giants. Again, as regards the constellation of the Twins taken by the Giant Orion and his Argo on this zodiac , because they represent the sun and moon something fatal is bound to happen to one of them, as in the story of Balin and Balan. And on it stands a temple fairer than any other on earth, in which is kept a treasure of wondrous virtue and great holiness, brought as a blessing to men by an angelic host. Once every year, to renew its divine might, a dove descends from heaven and alights upon it.
It is called the Grail, and lends to those who guard it pure faith and holy calm. Strangely enough our present Summer Solstice, June 2lst, falls on this place in the effigy ecliptic circle. This gave an excellent idea of where and how the constellations fell on their earth counterparts; but as there was bound to be a certain amount of foreshortening in the photograph, I found it better to trace the outline of each creature, direct from the ordnance survey map, and stick the tracing on to the equivalent constellation on a star globe.
As to these first Christians, the original Keltic church of Britain must not be confounded with the Roman Catholic Church, which imposed itself hundreds of years later. But it was not till that he consecrated Christ Church, Canterbury, even then he endeavoured in vain to bring over the Keltic Church to the observance of the Roman Easter.
The roots of the Church of England are in Somerset. David in the 6th century to mark the true extent of the sacred site. If one includes St. Joseph, a theoretical ring surrounding the circular Wattle Chapel, falls on these four points. The inference is that originally twelve cells stood around it, resembling the plan of the very primitive church excavated at Etchminazin, Armenia, where the twelve signs of the zodiac were sculptured on each of the twelve surrounding chapels, thus leaving no doubt as to its astronomical import.
Here in Glastonbury a circular platform, seven feet in diameter, of very ancient workmanship, probably the floor of a cell, was found under the remnants of St. Never-the-less there are countless representations of the Zodiac in early Christian churches, to be seen on their pavements, ceilings, facades, pillars, fonts, etc. But the month to be considered now is June, for St. Though Orion is not on the ecliptic circle, in Somerset his effigy arm reaches up to grasp some of the stars of Gemini, for, with his boat Argo on King Sedgemoor, he took the place, once upon a time, of the more modern Sign of the Twins.
The modern Twins are represented as young children, and our effigy is a giant child with a head large in proportion to the body, for the child is here symbolic of the son of the old Sun god. His sword and belt thus fall into their proper place. The whole shipload sails along the river Eridanus, when we compare the effigies with modern star charts.
trumabguwhela.tk There has been a tendency to take for granted that all religions prior to Christianity, were sensual and cruel, so it is of importance to say here that there is no suggestion of any phallic, sacrificial or even frightening symbol in the whole design for this zodiac, it would hardly have been associated with the Holy Grail and kept so sacrosanct throughout its long history had it shown anything of a depraved nature.